What are the symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder?
- Recurrent episodes of binge eating characterized by both:
a. Eating, in a discrete period of time, an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would eat
b. A sense of lack of control over the episode
- The binge eating episodes are associated with at least three of the following:
a. Eating more rapidly than usual
b. Eating until uncomfortably full
c. Eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry
d. Eating alone because of embarrassment about the amount eaten
e. Self-disgust, depression, or feeling very guilty afterward
- The binge episodes occur at least twice per week for six or more months.
- The person does not engage in inappropriate compensatory behaviors following the binge episodes. If s/he does, then a diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa or Bulimia Nervosa should be considered.
Who develops Binge Eating Disorder?
It is estimated that approximately 20% to 30% of the obese population seeking weight management help meets criteria for Binge Eating Disorder. Among the general population, estimates of its prevalence range from .7% to 4%. No particular gender differences have been observed. Most people with Binge Eating Disorder are either overweight or obese.
What are the risks associated with Binge Eating Disorder?
In addition to overweight and obesity, which carry their own associated medical risks, Binge Eating Disorder is often accompanied by depression and poor self-esteem.